Projects

Wetland Delineation for the PBPN Tribe in Kansas
Assess 260-acre Forest for Wetlands and Streams

*Delineate Wetlands and Streams *Identify Rare Plants and Other Notable Features

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2020, Norman Ecological conducted a wetland delineation on a 260-acre floodplain forest located on land of the Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation in Jackson County, Kansas. The forest was diverse and had a mix of older trees including hackberry, sycamore, western buckeye, black walnut, and bur oak and wildflower species including rue-anemone woodland and James’ sedges white fawn lily, golden alexanders downy yellow violet spotted touch-me-not, woodland phlox, may apple, cow parsnip, and Jack-in-the-pulpit. To ensure that the site was sampled thoroughly 26 transects were established with 150 - 1 meter squared plots, plus another 29 sample plots following the Midwestern wetland delineation regional supplement. All told 19 forested, shrubby, and herbaceous wetlands covering 1.95 acres were found along with 2.3 miles of 26 ephemeral, intermittent, and perennial streams.


“Norman Ecological Consulting, LLC, has worked with the PBPN-PEP on a number of wetland projects over the past several years. Frank has provided wetlands education/field trip with PBPN Boys and Girls Club youth, wetland delineation, and National Condition Wetland Assessment on tribal lands. His vast knowledge of plants, willingness to adhere to grant requirements of vendor, timely submissions, training capabilities for our wetland program has been greatly appreciated and respected over the years. We look forward to continuing building our wetland program with Norman Ecological Consulting assisting in this effort.”
Verna Potts, Senior Environmental Technician, PBPN Planning and Environmental Protection Department


Floristic Quality Assessment (FQA) for the PBPN Tribe in Kansas
Initiate Study of Floristic Quality of Riparian Woods

*Establish permanent transects *Submit In-depth Data Analysis and Report *Provide Management Recommendations

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2020, Norman Ecological was retained by Vireo, LLC as part of the Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation’s sustainability initiative dealing with wetland and stream resources on its reservation in Jackson County, Kansas. Norman was responsible for designing and implementing a FQA study along six riparian corridors, portions of which were to be restored, in the Big Soldier Creek watershed. All told, 24, 50’ by 200’ belt transects were established in corridors to document pre-restoration conditions. Results varied with remnant prairies and older tracts of woods having the greatest diversity and higher mean C and FQI value. In contrast, more degraded sites including cropland and degraded pastures had lower values.


“When our team decided to use the FQA for modeling wetland and riparian corridor habitat on the Reservation, Norman Ecological was our first and only choice. Frank’s extensive knowledge of Kansas flora and FQA methodology was essential to the successful completion of the botanical surveys.”
Laurie Brown, Conservation Ecologist, Vireo, (formerly Patti Banks Associates)


Park Management Plans, Johnson County Park and Recreation Department, Kansas
Assist in County-wide and Park-specific Natural Resource Management Plans

*Conduct inventories of plant communities * Provide quality assessments of plant communities

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2018 and 2019, county-wide and park-specific natural resource management plans were developed for the Johnson County Park and Recreation Department in northeastern Kansas by Applied Ecological Services, Vireo, and Norman Ecological Consulting. NEC’s role was mainly field work including a more detailed inventory and quality assessment of the plant communities at two of the larger parks on-site (i.e., Shawnee Mission Park and Big Bull Creek Park covering approximately 1,591 acres and 2,005 acres, respectively). At each park, land cover was mapped, plant lists were assembled, and general restoration needs and conservation opportunities were identified and quantified in the process.


NWCA Monitoring for Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas
Assist Indian Tribe in Assessing Wetland Resources

*Select Wetlands for Monitoring *Identify Plant Species *Measure Plant Cover and Diversity

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2019, Norman Ecological assembled a four-member team to conduct monitoring following the National Wetland Condition Assessment protocol at 8 wetlands on the Kickapoo Tribe reservation in Brown County near Holton, Kansas. Norman’s role was multifaceted and included determining the efficacy of each wetland site, being the liaison between the KTIK and his team, assuring quality assurance and quality control, being lead botanist, and coordinating field tasks, water and soil sample labeling and shipment. The team’s tasks included assessment area and plot set up, digging a soil pit and characterizing and collecting soils for testing, assessment of buffers adjacent to each wetland, collection of surface water samples for testing, and cover estimates of ground cover, shrubby, and tree and plant identification and presence of invasive species. The wetlands included herbaceous, shrubby, and forested vegetation types, were either man-made or natural, and were mostly found along riparian corridors of the Delaware River or its tributaries. Norman also teamed up with the KTIK wetland coordinator to do NWCA sampling at a rare fen—Muscotah Marsh, which served at the reference wetland for the tribe during the 2019 NWCA sampling.


“"Frank played a vital role in completing the National Wetland Conditional Assessment at Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas. This was a hefty project, focusing on soil, water, vegetation and visual evaluations of buffer zones and hydrology characteristics. His experience, coupled with his passion for ecology, made him the best person for the job. Frank assembled a team of ecologists, each with their own professional niche to ensure that every facet of the assessment was handled by the right person. Our field days were strenuous, but Frank and his team never slowed down. After the assessment was complete, he made himself available for questions and was prompt to respond. We were happy to use his services again later that season for an assessment of an additional wetland. We look forward to working with him in the future.”
Jessica Raley, Environmental Field Scientist, EcoSafe Environmental Services, Inc. (formerly Wetlands Program Coordinator at the KTIK)


Mitigation Monitoring Services for Local Federal Facility
Determine Success of Wetland, Prairie, and Riparian Plantings

*Establish permanent transects *Submit In-depth Data Analysis and Report *Provide Management Recommendations

Applied Ecological Services, IncNorman Ecological and Wildhorse Riverworks, Inc. were retained by CentrePoint-Zimmer, LLC to mitigation monitoring services on its 185-acre development site containing 1.3 acres of wetlands, 17 acres of riparian buffer, and 3 acres of riparian woods, and 2,592 feet of stream of mitigation. In 2017, a total of 30 transects and 152 plots were used to measure the establishment of vegetation in the riparian woods, herbaceous wetlands, and their upland buffers. In addition, 31 stream assessment points were established at the three created streams to determine the stability and ‘naturalness’ of these streams. First year results were mixed and monitoring of riparian prairie buffers, riparian woods, and streams have continued into 2021.


“Norman Ecological Consulting has been providing stream and wetland mitigation monitoring at the Kansas City National Security Campus since 2017. His detailed surveys and reports have identified and provided timely solutions to correcting deficiencies, as we work towards meeting the establishment objectives of our 404 Permit. His communication and coordination between our staff, the Army Corps of Engineers and our landscape vendor has been excellent.”
Vernon Walters, Director of Facilities, Newmark Grubb Zimmer


Wetland Services and Bat Habitat Assessments for Flood Control Project
Providing Environmental Support for Important Project in Olathe, KS

*Delineate Wetlands and Streams *Identify Rare Animal Habitat

Applied Ecological Services, IncDuring 2017, Norman Ecological was retained by Solid Ground Environmental to conduct wetland delineations and northern long-eared bat habitat assessments on 103 acres of land along Coffee Creek and its tributaries in Johnson County, Kansas. The project was proposed to rectify periodic flooding problems of Coffee Creek and included three dry retention basins and new road embankments. 16 wetlands covering 0.96 acre and 23 streams extending 3 miles are within the study areas. Wetland impact analysis and permitting was provided by another local firm. The NLEB habitat assessment revealed 104 potential snags and dying trees with exfoliating bark or cavities. Tree species included silver maples, hackberries, and honey locusts.


Remote Wetland Assessment for Mined Lands
Project Utilized Streamlined and Innovative Approach to Mapping Wetlands

*Topographic Depressional Analysis to Identify Wetlands *Determine Wetland Type and Acreage

Wetland-Desk-Top-Assessment_Area26In 2017, Norman Ecological was retained by CFS Engineers to conduct a desktop assessment for Waters of the US (WOTUS) including wetlands and streams at three project sites in Cherokee and Crawford Counties, Kansas. The sites—Site 26, PSU site, and Lightning Creek site—cover approximately 53 acres, 112 acres, and 211 acres, respectively. The Kansas Department of Health and Environment were requesting wetland assessments during its on-going directive to rectify safety hazards near roads and residences at these sites located in Cherokee and Crawford Counties, Kansas. Instead of the more tedious and time consuming of reviewing wetland and water signatures and topographic contours on aerial photography, staff at Norman Ecological used a topographic depressional analysis to approximate the locations of the potential wetlands, while giving consideration to the surrounding ridge and depression landscape along with other factors including the presence of hydric soils. The depressional contour analysis and hydric soil mapping review at the Lightning Creek tracts revealed 55.4 acres of open water, 13.5 acres of potential depressional wetlands on mined lands, 32.7 acres of potential wetlands with hydric soils, and 0.4 acre of other potential wetlands.


Rare Plant Survey
Provide Report for Client

*Locate and Flag Mead’s Milkweed Plants *Identify and Map High Qualify Tallgrass Prairie

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2017, Norman Ecological was retained by the City of Fontana, Kansas to conduct a survey for the federally protected Mead’s Milkweed for its proposed 2-mile-long water supply pipeline located north of Fontana in Miami County. No suitable milkweed habitat was observed within the pipeline right-of-way as it was composed of cool season grassland, degraded wetlands, cropland, and poor-quality tallgrass prairie along existing road ROWs.


Mead’s Milkweed Assessment, Proposed Fiber Optic Installation, Anderson County, Kansas
Find Plants and Habitat of Protected Milkweed for Development Project

*Locate and Flag Mead’s Milkweed Plants *Identify and Map High Qualify Tallgrass Prairie

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2016, Norman Ecological was retained by K&W Underground to perform a Mead’s milkweed assessment and flagging for a proposed fiber optic installation along Highway 169 near Welda (Anderson County), Kansas. The project is a 2.6-mile segment of the installation and is known to be in or adjacent to high quality tallgrass prairie habitat so such tracts were surveyed with GPS and individual milkweed plants were surveyed and flagged when observed within the outer edges of the 50- to 75-foot-wide highway ROW. Each vegetation type found within the project ROW were identified and described including high quality tallgrass prairie, degraded tallgrass prairie, replanted tallgrass prairie, cool season grassland, degraded tallgrass prairie/ cool season grassland, and weedy uplands. Both Mead’s milkweed plants and high-quality tallgrass prairie were found within the proposed project ROW. Mead’s milkweed plants were found only in the HQTGP, both of which were located in the northern third of the project. 27 plants were observed located adjacent to or within the proposed fiber optic ROW.


Botanical Services for Nationwide Wetland Survey
Monitoring Wetlands in Four States

*Identify tree, shrub, and wildflower species *Determine plant abundance and diversity *Follow lab protocol

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2016, Norman Ecological was retained by the University of Nebraska in Lincoln to be the field botanist for EPA’s National Wetland Condition Assessment in Nebraska. As the sole botanist, Norman conducted the vegetation portion of monitoring at 20 wetland sites including assessment area and plot set up as well as all the cover estimates of ground cover, shrubby, and tree and plant identification. He also followed plant lab protocol ensuring that all unknown and QA/QC plant specimens were documented and delivered to the local plant expert for verification. Also, Norman was retained by PG Environmental to be field botanist for 10 sites in Kansas, Arkansas, and Mississippi following the same protocol as described above.


“I first met Frank and had the privilege of working with him in 2016 on the National Wetland Condition Assessment. I was immediately impressed by Frank’s knowledge and passion for plants. He seemed unencumbered by challenging conditions for both plant identification and fieldwork in general. In my ten years of experience as a field scientist and technician I’ve never worked with a better botanist.”
Elliot Broder, Logistics and Field Supervisor, Freestone Aquatics, Inc. (formerly field biologist at PG Environmental, LLC)


Wetland Services for Dredge Disposal Site
Provide Support to Kansas Water Office

*Delineate Extent of Wetlands and Streams *Characterize Wetland Habitat

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2015, the Kansas Water Office (KWO) retained Norman Ecological Consulting, LLC to conduct a wetland delineation at a proposed Confined Disposal Facility, Cell I (CDF-I) for the dredging and placement of spoils from John Redmond Reservoir where the Tulsa regulatory branch of the US Army Corps of Engineers identified potential wetlands, ponds, and a stream using off-site methodology. The 28-acre site is a portion of an old farmstead located below the dam of the reservoir near Burlington in Coffey County. Norman Ecological essentially confirmed the preliminary results of the US COE by finding one intermittent stream, 2.2 acres of ponds, and 3.54 acres of wetlands, of which 1.9 acres of ponds and 2.9 acres of wetlands were jurisdictional.


Wetland and Botanical Services of Mitigation Bank
Provide Support for the Approval of Mitigation Bank in Kansas

*Delineate and Characterize Wetlands *Identify and Grade Vegetation *Provide Reports and Recommendations

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2014, the Watershed Institute retained Norman Ecological to conduct a wetland delineation and plant community assessment at its two sites covering 226 acres along the floodplain of Cowskin Creek in Maize, Kansas. Plant communities found on-site were low to moderate quality and included Osage orange woods, tallgrass prairie, wooded hedgerows, grassy and shrubby mosaic uplands, cropland, and weedy uplands. 157 wetlands, including PEM, PSS, PFO, PAB, and farmed wetlands, cover approximately 36 acres at the two sites. Norman Ecological prepared a wetland-plant community report that was submitted along with other mitigation bank information to the Mitigation Bank Review Team for review. According to the EPA member of the MBRT, the report is now the ‘gold standard’ for such documents to be submitted to the MBRT.


“Frank provided a thorough wetland delineation report documenting the site’s complex wetland resources. For the report, Frank accurately identified and mapped the wetland resources for a variety of wetland types that included herbaceous, forested, and farmed landuse settings. Frank’s report provided us with the baseline information needed to implement a stream and wetland restoration mitigation plan.”
Brock Emmert, Project Manager, The Watershed Institute and Land Trust, Inc.


Ecological Consulting for Clean Water Act Violation
Provide Restoration Plan to Keep Local Farmer Out of Jail

*Develop Wetland and Stream Restoration Plan *Be Liaison Between Client and EPA

Applied Ecological Services, IncApplied Ecological Services, IncA farmer intentionally filled in and channelized over 9,000 feet of stream and cleared and filled in approximately 13 acres of wetlands on two of his properties near Holton in Jackson County, Kansas. His actions prompted the Army Corps of Engineers to issue a notification of violation letter and a cease-and-desist order, followed by a search warrant along with the US Environmental Protection Agency Criminal Enforcement Section at which time the agencies performed a wetland delineation and stream assessment to determine impacts to Waters of the US. Upon approval by the EPA, the farmer retained Norman Ecological and Wildhorse Riverworks in 2014 to develop a restoration plan to rectify the impacts to streams and wetlands. The northern is located in the watershed of Straight Creek, while the southern site is located in the North Cedar Creek watershed. Norman Ecological coordinated all of the efforts and was the liaison between the farmer and the EPA. The restoration plan was approved in 2014 by the EPA and a restoration team was expected to begin implementation of the plan in 2015 calling for over 9,000 feet of stream, 20 acres of riparian woods, 24 acres of prairie buffer, 9.6 acres of wet prairie, 3.6 acres of forested wetlands, and 2.6 acres of seeps to be restored on the two sites. Detailed monitoring of stream and restored plant communities is expected to be conducted to determine restoration success.


Rare Plant and Animal Assessments
Identify Habitats and Provide Recommendations

*Assess Habitats for Quality *Identify Areas to Re-route Pipeline

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2014, Norman Ecological was retained by Johnson County (Kansas) RWD No. 7 to provide potential habitat assessments for Mead’s Milkweed, Redbelly Snake, and the Smooth Earth Snake in support of its permitting efforts for the water supply project. The project consisted of approximately 6 miles of pipeline to be built to bolster water supply through new construction and updating existing water lines in the vicinity of Edgerton and Spring Hill, Kansas. No suitable habitat was found for Mead’s Milkweed and the redbelly snake as no high-quality prairie and moderate to high quality oak–hickory woods were found on-site. Only one suitable site for the smooth earth snake—an oak-hickory woods—was found within the proposed ROW. Norman Ecological recommended that such habitat be avoided by the project.


Stream Restoration and Permitting Assistance
Prepare Plans and Permit Applications for Local Contractor

*Complete Federal Permit *Provide Stream and Riparian Restoration Plan *Meet with US Army Corps of Engineers

Applied Ecological Services, IncUpon bad advice from a Lawrence city official, a general contractor moved an existing stream channel during installation of linear facilities on his housing development in 2013. His inadvertent actions prompted the US Army Corps of Engineers to issue a notification of violation letter and request a restoration plan to rectify the stream impacts. The contractor retained Norman Ecological and Wildhorse Riverworks to develop a stream restoration plan and assist in obtaining the after-the-fact permit to meet the Corps’ request. Ultimately the plan was approved with restoration of approximately 753 feet of relatively natural meandering stream with seven rock riffle complexes. Upon approval of the plan, the Corps issued a Nationwide Permit (NWP) 32—Completed Enforcement Action.


Plant Ecologist for Nationwide Wetland Survey
Monitoring Wetlands in Kansas

*Lead Botanist *Train Regional Wetland Scientists *Select Wetlands for Monitoring *Identify Plant Species *Measure Plant Cover and Diversity

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2011, Norman Ecological was retained by Kansas Alliance of Wetlands and Streams (KAWS) to be the field botanist for the project. Norman participated in the desktop review of 90 NWI sites and spearheaded the field reconnaissance of 32 of these sites to confirm the presence of wetlands. Nine wetlands were confirmed along with a reference wetland to be used in the NWCA project. Norman participated in a Train-the-Trainer workshop in order to be the Regional Botanist trainer at the Region 7 Na tional Wetlands Conditions Assessment field training workshop in Kansas City. By himself, Norman conducted the vegetation portion of monitoring at each of 10 wetland sites (and 2 revisits) including assessment area and plot set up as well as all the cover estimates of ground cover, shrubby, and tree and plant identification. He also followed plant lab protocol ensuring that all unknown and QA/QC plant specimens were hand delivered shipped to the local herbarium for verification.


Wetland Mapping for the State of Kansas
Project Developed a Standardized Process for Prioritizing Vulnerable Wetland Resources

Customize and Refine Wetland Assessment Methods * Create a New Working Standard for Wetland Mapping
Contact Land Owners for Site Access

Applied Ecological Services, IncApplied Ecological Services, IncIn 2009, Norman Ecological was retained by Kansas Alliance of Wetlands and Streams (KAWS) to provide wetland services for the Kansas Water Office’s (KWO) wetland mapping project in two watersheds (Upper Wakarusa and Upper Neosho) in eastern Kansas. The project is funded by two EPA wetland development grants and overseen by the KWO. The purpose of the project is to develop a comprehensive, standardized process for identifying, assessing and prioritizing wetland and vulnerable aquatic resources in the state of Kansas. This process is intended to customize and refine existing wetland assessment methodologies. It is also intended to create a working standard for all agencies including watershed planning and stakeholder groups in the state of Kansas. Norman Ecological’s role has been to conduct wetland delineations following the Midwestern Regional Supplement on initially selected training wetlandsand subsequent wetlands identified by remote sensing software. Norman Ecological also contacts landowners for permission to access properties, assesses the wetland functions and values of wetlands in the two watersheds, conducts water quality sampling on reference wetlands, and will summarize the field aspects of the project in several wetland reports. Work on the project was completed in 2012.


“Frank’s knowledge of wetlands, their soils, plants and hydrology has helped us make this project successful. His ability to analyze accuracy and determine functionality of the wetlands is outstanding. He completes all field work in a thorough and timely manner. We are very pleased that we were able to have Frank be the technical specialist on the project.”
Harold Klaege, former Executive Director of KAWS


Ecological Consulting for KCI Intermodal BusinessCentre
Monitoring Wetland, Prairie, and Riparian Mitigation

Timed Meander Surveys at Wetland Sites * Detailed Mitigation Monitoring for Tree and Prairie Plantings

Applied Ecological Services, IncNorman Ecological was retained by Applied Ecological Services, Inc. to conduct monitoring for an 8-acre wetland detention BMP and 12.1 acres of prairie and riparian mitigation. Initial monitoring began in 2010 with timed meander surveys at the BMP site and more typical assessments measuring abundance and frequency of vegetation occurring in 25 transects and 117, 4 square meter plots at the mitigation sites. Over 5,000 trees and shrubs were planted in the fall of 2010, with tree survivorship being assessed soon thereafter. Monitoring efforts were conducted during the spring and fall from 2010 through 2013. The results of these surveys were summarized in seasonal reports and one annual summary report.


“Frank’s extensive knowledge of native plants and ecosystems has been an invaluable asset for the KCI Intermodal BusinessCentre development. His comprehensive and thorough approach to mitigation monitoring gives us great confidence that we will meet our full permit requirements. Correspondence from the US Army Corps of Engineers validated Frank’s work as meeting the monitoring criteria necessary to be compliant with the special conditions of the authorized permit.”
Laurie Brown, Vireo (formerly Patti Banks Associates)


Restoration Coordinator for Grassland Heritage Foundation
Preserving Snyder Prairie

Prescribed Burns • Brushing • Invasive Species Removal • Seed Collection and Planting
Maintaining Site Managment Plan * Coordination of Subcontractors

Since 2010, Norman Ecological has been retained as a prairie preserve manager for the Grassland Heritage Foundation’s (GHF) “Snyder Prairie” a 140-acre tract of unplowed native prairie, restored prairie as well as upland and riparian woods located near Mayetta, Kansas. He also coordinates GHF’s Groundhogs, its volunteer group that assists in restoration efforts at the land. On-going restoration includes prescribed burns, brushing, invasive species removal, seed collection and planting, and tree cutting. Additional services include developing and updating the Snyder Prairie site management plan, presenting annual restoration results to GHF board of directors, and meeting with the NRCS and potential project subcontractors. Norman is a former GHF board member, and has worked with Groundhogs since 2001.


Stream Stabilization, Riparian Restoration, and Monitoring
Incorporate Native Plantings into Stream Improvement Plans

Periodic Vegetation Monitoring • Erosion Control Inspections • Monthly Water Quality and Flow Sampling

Applied Ecological Services, IncNorman Ecological teamed with Applied Ecological Services (AES) providing ecological services for Phase II development at the Zona Rosa Mixed Use Development site Kansas City, Missouri. In 2009 and 2010, Norman Ecological conducted spring and fall vegetation monitoring efforts at the site as part of US Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) permit requirements. During 2008, Norman Ecological conducted weekly erosion control inspections, monthly peak flow and low flow water sampling efforts, and periodic vegetation monitoring as part of MO DNR and Corps permit requirements. Norman had provided the same services during 2004 to 2007 while employed at AES.


“Frank provided high quality professional services including restoration assessment, species lists, erosion issue identification and recommendations for stabilization and reporting. Frank Norman was easy to work with, timely, and stayed within budget. We were very pleased with Norman Ecological services and plan to use them again.”
Doug Mensing, Applied Ecological Services


Wetlands Services in Business Office Development
Guiding Business Development While Minimizing Wetland Impacts

Wetlands Delineation and Permitting • Rare Plant and Animal Assessment

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2010, Norman Ecological was retained Paragon Ag Investors to provide wetland services for its office development project. Located on 1.7 acres in Silver Lake, Kansas on the edge of the Kansas River floodplain, the project will ultimately impact 0.085 acre of emergent and forested wetlands. Upon completion of the wetland study, Paragon revised its project footprint to avoid 0.4 acre of wetlands. As a result, the project qualified for a NWP 39—Commercial and Institutional Developments from the US Army Corps of Engineers. In addition, no rare plant and animal species will be impacted by the project; a finding agreed upon by the USFWS after Norman Ecological provided a letter report describing the project impacts and quality of habitats on-site. Ultimately, the Client was also able to obtain mitigation credits from a local in lieu fee program.


“We are pleased with Norman Ecological’s performance on our office development project. Frank was quick at completing the fieldwork, wetland report, and the permit application submission to the US Army Corps of Engineers. The USCOE review concurred with Norman Ecological findings and authorized a nationwide permit for the project.”
Chris Havercamp, Paragon Ag Investors


Prairie and Woodland Survey and Inventory
Utilizing Aerial Photography and 1870s Data to Identify High Quality Forests

Document Quality and Composition of Woods • Identify Old Growth Forests

Applied Ecological Services, IncNorman Ecological was retained by the Kansas Biological Survey (KBS) to participate in a woodland inventory in Lynn and Anderson Counties, Kansas in 2009. By using current aerial photography overlaid with public land survey data from the 1870s and USGS topographic maps, field crews were able to identify, characterize, grade, and map the locations of higher quality woods found in those two counties. Field members documented the quality and composition of woods by completing plant lists, element occurrence record forms, and taking photographs. Numerous woodland tracts were considered ‘old growth’ for Kansas as they had older trees, very diverse ground covers, and were located on steep and nearly inaccessible terrain. The work was summarized in a KBS publication (Open-File Report #158).


Natural Resource Inventory
Guiding Home Building and Planning Around Plant Communities

Identify and Map Existing Plant Communities • Provide Recommendations for Restoration

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2009, Norman Ecological was retained by rural land owners, Paul and Mary Gottesburen, to conduct a natural resource inventory (NRI) on a 47-acre tract of land located in southern Douglas County, Kansas. The purpose of the NRI was to identify, characterize, grade, and map the plant communities occurring on-site so that the land owners can better plan the development of their house and outbuildings. The NRI also provided general recommendations for prairie and woodland restoration.


Florisitic Quality Expert Testimony
Expert Witness Testimony in Remuneration Lawsuit

Develop FQA Report • Participate in Court Deposition • Review Defendant’s Responses in Lawsuit

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2009, the law firm of Caddell & Chapman of Houston, Texas retained Norman Ecological as a floristic quality expert in the lawsuit—The Quapaw Tribe Oklahoma et al. v. Blue Tee Corp. et al. The Quapaw Indian Tribe owns land in Northeastern Oklahoma (Ottawa County) that had been decimated by lead and zinc mining, for which the Tribe sought remuneration from a number of mining companies. Frank Norman’s experience in botanical and monitoring studies especially the Floristic Quality Assessment (FQA) work conducted with the Kansas Biological Survey in mined lands in adjacent Cherokee County, Kansas qualified him to provide expert testimony (report), participate in a court deposition, and review defendant expert witness reports, depositions, and various documents in support of the lawsuit. Work centered on the FQA in assessing the effects of mining on terrestrial resources on tribal lands. The FQA was also essential in evaluating the efficacy of proposed remediation to the damage caused by mining operations, and to the proposed restoration addressing the remaining damage after remediation. The lawsuit was settled in favor of the Quapaw Tribe in the fall of 2010.


Wetland Assessments for Potential Power Plant Sites
Locate and Delineate Wetlands and Streams

Delineate and Flag Wetland Boundaries • Participate in Field Work and Map Review
Conduct Site Confirmation Visits

Applied Ecological Services, IncNorman Ecological was retained by Burns & McDonnell Engineering to assist with wetland delineations on two potential electric generating power plant project sites in southeastern Virginia. These sites, 1,600 and 1,100 acres in size required that the boundaries of all wetlands and streams be delineated. Wetlands and streams were delineated (wetlands were also flagged) using Trimble GPS equipment, characterized by type, and mapped on aerial photographs. In 2008 and early 2009, Norman Ecological assisted with field work, map review, data sheet and photo log entry, and site confirmation visits by the Norfolk Regulatory Branch of the US Army Corps of Engineers. Two hundred plus acres of wetlands and several miles of streams were found at each site.


“After meeting with Frank Norman of Norman Ecological Consulting, it doesn’t take long to realize that he has a passion for the natural world. I have personally worked with Frank and have found him to be a man of integrity, and exacting scientist and a hard worker. Frank has a wealth of knowledge that he has earned in over two decades of environmental consulting. His virtues are not just evident in his conscientious manner, but also in his commitment to both the environment and his clients. If Frank commits to a task, he will work hard to see it through.”
Jack Finley, Burns & McDonnell


Riparian Vegetation Assessment and Native Plant Design
Incorporate Native Plantings into Stream Improvement Plans

Conduct Site Assessment • Provide Native Planting Design

Applied Ecological Services, IncCollaborating with Applied Ecological Services and CDM Engineering for the City of Lincoln, Nebraska, Norman Ecological conducted a riparian vegetation assessment and native planting design for potential stream restoration during 2007 and 2009. The project was conducted over a stretch of Beal Slough where native plantings were proposed and incorporated into design drawings and specifications for two cross sections of the creek where stream improvements were recommended. Plantings included black and sandbar willows, false indigo, elderberry, red-osier dogwood, buttonbush live stalks and mesic prairie seeding. These were located along the creek channel and backfill sections of the creek. The stream project was constructed in 2010.


Rare Plant Surveys
Provide Reports and Recommendations, and Obtain Clearances

Assess the Quality of Prairies in County Rural Water Districts • Conduct Initial Habitat Surveys
Conduct Presence-Absence Surveys

Applied Ecological Services, IncThrough Bartlett & West, Norman Ecological conducted rare plant surveys for Kansas Rural Water Districts of Jackson, Douglas, Johnson, and Osage counties during 2008 to 2010. Over 50 miles of proposed water supply pipelines and ancillary facilities were surveyed for Western Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera prae clara) and Mead’s Milkweed (Asclepias meadii), two federally listed plant species. On several projects involving the rare orchid, potential habitat was found, so initial habitat surveys were followed up with presence-absence surveys in suitable habitats during the orchid flowering period. For these projects, recommendations were provided to avoid high quality prairies, minimize impacts to moderate quality habitats, and reseed all prairie habitats impacted by construction. Reports were reviewed by the USFWS and clearances provided based on Norman Ecological recommendations.


“I appreciate Frank’s promptness and genuine concern for getting field work done in a timely manner. Some critical habitat surveys are time sensitive and Frank does a great job of making sure that we do not miss the limited opportunity to get the work done.”
Louis Funk, Bartlett West


Natural Resource Inventory
Assess the Quality and Extent of Plant Communities

Assess Natural Resources Along Proposed Roadway

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2007, Norman Ecological conducted a natural resource inventory for Kenneth Baum, a private landowner, to document the quality and extent of plant communities on land potentially impacted by the proposed South Metro Connector in southern Johnson County, Kansas. Mr. Baum wanted to be better informed on the natural resources on his and adjacent land in the vicinity of the proposed roadway. Riparian woods, wetland fringes along streams, oak-hickory woods, cool season pastures, a prairie remnant, and immature woods were found in the study area.


Sewer Construction Restoration Plan and Oversight
Management Plans for Native Habitat

Prepare Woodland and Prairie Plans • Provide Restoration Oversight

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2007, Norman Ecological was retained by CAS Construction to prepare restoration and management plans for sewer line construction through 2.7 miles of floodplain and upland habitats in Lawrence, Kansas. Plans included native seeding mixes and restoration techniques to restore pipeline corridors and staging areas located in 47 acres of cropland, smooth brome hay meadows, and woods in the floodplains of the Kansas River and W. Baldwin Creek. Qualitative and quantitative methods for monitoring the success of the restoration efforts were also proposed in the submittals. In 2009, Norman Ecological was retained by Professional Engineering Consultants to provide oversight for the native restoration of woodland and prairie habitats in 2.7 miles of pipeline ROW for the City of Lawrence. Work involved numerous site visits, developing summary site visit memoranda, and recommending remedial measures as needed.


“Norman Ecological created a native plant restoration plan for the West Baldwin Creek Project. Frank Norman made site visits with very little notice and provide a follow-up report at the end of the project. It was great working with Frank. I hope to have the opportunity to work with him in the future.”
Mike Lawless, City of Lawrence, KS


Native Restoration Monitoring
Timed Meander Surveys Over 6 Months

Monitoring of Native Prairie and Wetland Plantings * Plant Species Observations—Minute-by-Minute
Provide Recommendations for Resoration Efforts

Applied Ecological Services, IncDuring 2008, Norman Ecological performed timed meander surveys over a six-month period for Hermes Landscaping at First United Methodist’s wetland and prairie restoration project, located west of Lawrence, Kansas. The survey was a requirement to document the establishment of the native vegetation at the project. A timed meander survey involves identifying the plant species observed minute by minute until no (or very few) new species are encountered. The results of the survey serve as the means to document the establishment of the native vegetation at the project. The results of each survey and maintenance recommendations were summarized in a technical memorandum.


“Frank Norman did a great job of monitoring and reporting the native seed establishment for us on the First United Methodist Church project in Lawrence, KS. Frank’s reports were clear, very detailed and timely which gave us the information that we needed for approval and acceptance of our work.”
Eric Soriano, Hermes Landscaping, Inc.


Mined Land Monitoring
Vegetative Monitoring at Lead Mining Sites

Document Unrestored and Restored Mining Sites • Determine Revegetation Success

Applied Ecological Services, IncIn 2007, Norman Ecological was hired by the Kansas Biological Survey (KBS) to conduct vegetative monitoring at various lead mining sites in Cherokee County, Kansas. The project goal was to document the conditions at unrestored and restored mine sites and determine the revegetation success at the restored sites per a grant from the Kansas Department of Health and Environment. The project involved setting up plots, measuring plant cover and species presence, collecting soil samples, and establishing photo stations. The study was published by KBS (Report #149).